October 25, 2011
In just a few days, the doorbell will ring and the cry of trick or treat, will be heard. Already, the cards and Halloween decorations are hanging on peoples homes. Believe it or not, Halloween is the second largest holiday, after Christmas, for selling cards, candy, and gifts. One tip I read recently for saving money and calories over Halloween is buy the candy at the last minute (on October 30 or 31st) when its bound to be on sale, dont buy something you like (and thus tempted to eat the candy yourself), dont take the leftovers to work (where youll eat it), and at the last hour give all thats left to the last trick or treater (no leftovers).
But, apart from that, rather than try to prepare my own thoughts about how Orthodox Christians should or shouldnt mark Halloween, I thought it best to reprint Fr. Mark Sietsemas wonderful reflection from a year or two ago. Rev. Mark Sietsema, Ph.D. is the Presiding Priest at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Lansing, Michigan.
Anton C. Vrame, Ph.D.
Department of Religious Education
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
50 Goddard Avenue
Brookline, MA 02445
Whos Afraid of Halloween? . . . . . . . .
I have a confession to make. And its a bad one .
When I was a kid
I used to get dressed up for Halloween! And it was not always something innocent either, like an astronaut or a cowboy. Once I was even a ghost! Worse yet, I would go door-to-door with my brothers and say Trick or treat! Idolatrous! Occultic! Satanic! Over time, of course this demon-glorifying activity caught up with me. Look at me now. I dress in black almost every day
Of course you see the problem here. If not, you will very soon start reading about it in the paper again. Many people of churchy persuasions object strenuously to the observance of Halloween. Every year we read letters to the editor that run as follows:
Halloween is the worship of the devil! Halloween comes from heathen roots! Trick or Treat comes from an ancient pagan custom: the Druids would go from house to house seeking a virgin to sacrifice! If you complied and handed over your familys virgin, outside your door they left a jack-o-lantern with a candle inside
fueled by human fat! If you did not comply, a terrible trick would be played on you! The Catholic Church perpetuated the pagan legends with its Feast of All Saints! If you let your kids celebrate Halloween, you expose them to the possibility of demonic possession!
Well, good Orthodox Christian, what should our Church make of this controversy? Is Halloween something we Christians should shun like the Black Mass? Dont the facts about Halloweens origins prove that it is an abomination?
No. First of all, none of these facts are true. Its all fiction. We know almost nothing about the culture and practices of the ancient Druids, except what little the Romans had to say. (Mind you, these are the same Romans who also used to say that Christians hold secret orgies where they sacrifice babies and eat themso lets be careful about how much credence we give them.) The Romans invaded Britain in 43 B.C. There they found a number of Celtic tribes, which the Roman legions subjugated with relative ease.
Now, you need to know that the Romans were not what you would call culturally curious. They had little interest in the ways of the conquered Britons. Generally, when there is interaction between conqueror and subject, the conqueror picks up and uses the local names for rivers, hills, and the like. For instance, my home state is full of names from the native languages of the Indians: Michigan, Mackinac, Saginaw, Escanaba, Kalamazoo, Washtenaw. However, we find almost no use of the Celtic place names by the Romans. The Romans did not come to Britain for kaffee-klatsches, but for plundering and pillaging. Under the Roman sword the Celtic place-names perished with the Celts, as did any certain knowledge of Celtic or Druidic customs (like what kind of fat they used in their candles).
But what if it the stories about pagan Halloween were true? Does that prevent us from making a fun day out of the Thirty-First of October? Or do pagan origins damn a thing forever?
I would hope that as Orthodox Christians we would know better than to say that. We borrowed an awful lot of useful things from ancient pagan cultures. Our musical system of eight tones? From the pagan Greeks. (Next time you hear a dismissal hymn in the Third Tone, picture a phalanx of Lacedaemonian warriors marching into an attack: they liked Third Tone for their battle hymns.)
And our iconography is an obvious adaptation of Egyptian funerary art: the portraits painted on Egyptian coffins look very much like the faces in our icons. Christmas, we all know, is a retooling of the Roman celebration of the winter solstice, the Feast of Sol Invictus (the Invincible Sun-god). And many, many Christian churches were built atop pagan shrines and holy places, the most famous example being the conversion of the Parthenon (a temple built in honor of Athena the Virgin Warrior) to a church dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
Even Protestants with their Puritan impulses and their just the Bible mentality have to contend with borrowings from pagan sources in the Scriptures. For example, chapters 22-24 of the Book of Proverbs are almost certainly a translation of the older Egyptian advice guide The Instruction of Amen-em-Opet. And elsewhere in the Bible different titles given to God such as El Elyon God Most High and the one who rides on the clouds like a chariot (Psalm 104:3) are originally epithets for the pagan storm-god Baal.
Whats my point? You cant judge a custom by its origins. What counts is ones intention in the here and now. And lets be honest: modern Halloween for you and meand even the Wiccans down the streethas nothing to do with virgin sacrifice or black magic. Its about having fun in a costume and eating things your dentist wouldnt approve of.
Well! the anti-Halloween crowd would reply, Halloween teaches kids that they can get something for nothing!! But is that so bad? To my ears that sounds awfully close to the Christian idea of grace!
Yes, yes, but we shouldnt teach our kids that its OK to threaten someone with vandalism if they dont fork over something you want! Well, lets look at this from another perspective. Maybe Halloween holds a nice little life lesson: you give a little to get a little. The Book of Proverbs speaks often of the power of gifts. If we all practiced the spirit of Halloweenbeing prepared always to give small kindnesses to those around uswhat a wonderful world we would have.
Again, lets be honest: no one was ever possessed by the devil because he or she dressed up for Halloween or passed out licorice or read a Harry Potter book. Our modern lives have way too many other avenues for temptation to enter, and these things are the real cause of our spiritual problems: pride, gluttony, hatred, materialism, and ignorance.
This may be the only pro-Halloween article by a clergyman you read this year. Actually, this piece isnt so much pro-Halloween as it is anti-superstition, anti-paranoia, and anti-gullibility. American Christianity is too much titillated by thoughts of demons, based on a mythology of evil that has more to do with pagan folklore than the sober statements of Scripture. Such superstition gives all Christians a bad name.
Thats why Im not afraid of Halloween, and I see no problem with Orthodox Christians having fun at costume parties. After all, why would anyone want to learn more about Jesus Christ and his message, if being a Christian means forever being a spoilsport and a killjoy? If you believe in one God, if you trust Him, then accept his protection (1 John 4:4) and dont live in fear of demonic bogeymen. The real battle with the devil is fought in the heart, not in front of the Harry Potter bookstore.
Some people drink too much on New Years Eve. Should that stop you and me from enjoying a glass of champagne? Some people eat too much at Thanksgiving. Should that stop us from having our turkey with all the trimmings? Some people spend too much at Christmas. Should that stop us from exchanging gifts?
Some people go overboard on the spooky side of Halloween. Its not too hard to avoid that for your family. Skip the horror movies. Dont revel in gore. Dont profane death. Dont indulge in occult practices
But dont be gullible, paranoid, or superstitious either!
And have a Happy Halloween!
By Fr. Mark Sietsema